Abstract—Feature detection is a fundamental technique in broad fields of image processing, pattern recognition and computer vision. A digital image in general contains objects, edges, noises and background. Critical changes in properties of objects can be captured via detecting sharp variations in image brightness. The edges can be detected via numerous approaches on a basis of image intensity changes. Edge broken and false detection are typical problems using classical methods, which will result in information loss and feature deformity. The notion of optimization is thus introduced into edge detection. The Canny edge detector and Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) detector are among the most successful and effective approaches for edge detection. The Canny edge detector is designed to capture edges by searching local optima of the gradient of the intensity. It is susceptible to noises presenting on the raw images, so details of images could be slightly changed when Gaussian smoothing is applied. To improve accuracy, the adaptive edge tracing scheme is proposed. On the other hand, artificial intelligence has also been introduced. Being one of metaheuristic optimization approaches, the evolutionary computing oriented ACO becomes a promising approach for feature capturing without necessity of smoothing filters. Selection of maximum intensity difference as the path visibility function for ACO will contribute better to generate true edges and avoid false edges. Both the adaptive Canny edge detection and enhanced ACO are proposed in this article. Comparative studies are also conducted to evaluate the edge detection qualities. The outcomes are analyzed and evaluated from both qualitative and quantitative points of view, where merits and drawbacks of the two schemes have been indicated.
Index Terms—Feature detection, ant colony optimization, canny edge detector, quantitative analysis.
Z. Ye and H. Mohamadian are with Southern University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70813, USA (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com).
Y. Ye is with Liaoning Radio and Television Station, Shenyang, 110002, P. R. China (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Y. Ye is with Liaoning Radio and Television Station, Shenyang,110002, P. R. China (e-mail: email@example.com)
Cite: Zhengmao Ye, Habib Mohamadian, and Yongmao Ye, "Quantitative Analysis of Feature Detection Using Adaptive Canny Edge Detector and Enhanced Ant Colony Optimization," International Journal of Modeling and Optimization vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 384-390, 2012.