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General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-3697
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.7763/IJMO
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Adrian Olaru
    • Executive Editor: Ms.Yoyo Y. Zhou
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Engineering & Technology Digital Library, ProQuest, Crossref, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, EI (INSPEC, IET).
    • E-mail ijmo@iacsitp.com
Prof. Adrian Olaru
University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania
I'm happy to take on the position of editor in chief of IJMO. It's a journal that shows promise of becoming a recognized journal in the area of modelling and optimization. I'll work together with the editors to help it progress.
IJMO 2011 Vol.1(4): 334-339 ISSN: 2010-3697
DOI: 10.7763/IJMO.2011.V1.57

Numerical Simulation on NOx Emission in Liquid Fuel Spray Flames

Yasamin Khazraii, Keyvan Daneshvar, and Hossein PoorkhademNamin

Abstract—The present study is concerned with numerical simulating of NOx emission in turbulent liquid fuel spray flames using thermal and fuel models. The influence of fuel spray angle and inlet air temperature on the emission of nitric oxide is investigated. Numerical simulation of two phase flow and combustion modeling for pollutants formation are done with Fluent 6.32 software. The conservation equations of mass, momentum and energy in the turbulent flow field were solved in conjunction with the k −ε turbulence model. The formation of thermal NO from molecular nitrogen was modeled according to the extended Zeldovich mechanism. Fuel-based NO was modeled assuming that all the nitrogen in the fuel is released as hydrogen cyanide (HCN), which then further reacts forming nitric oxide NO or molecular nitrogen N2, depending on the local combustion conditions. The results show that by increasing in spray angle NOx emission increases. When the spray angle increases, the contact between fuel and air will raise and also the air-fuel mixing increases. Therefore with increasing in the mentioned spray angle, a more perfect combustion happens and the maximum flame temperature increases. Also, the concentration of NOx which is affected by maximum temperature increased. . The results reveal that fine droplet sprays lead to higher NOx emission.

Index Terms—Liquid Fuel, NOX emission, numerical modeling, spray angle

Y Kh. is with the Bandar Lengeh Branch, Islamic Azad university, Hormozgan, Iran (e-mail: yasaminkhazraii@yahoo.com).
K D. is with the Shahrood Branch, Semnan, Islamic Azad university, Iran(e-mail: keivandaneshvar@gmail.com).
H P. is with the Amatis Rabin Engineering, Technology and Management Co.LTD, Tehran, Iran on leave from the Shahrood university of Technology, Semnan, Iran (e-mail: hpnamin@yahoo.com).


Cite: Yasamin Khazraii, Keyvan Daneshvar, and Hossein PoorkhademNamin, "Numerical Simulation on NOx Emission in Liquid Fuel Spray Flames," International Journal of Modeling and Optimization vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 334-339, 2011.

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